Baking and roasting are both cooking methods that use dry heat to cook food, but there is a difference between the two.
Baking is typically done in an oven and involves cooking food that is covered, such as cakes, breads, and casseroles. Baked goods are often leavened, meaning they rise due to the action of yeast, baking powder, or baking soda. Baking is also used to cook dishes like roasted vegetables or baked potatoes, which are uncovered and can be seasoned with spices and herbs.
Roasting, on the other hand, is a method of cooking meat, poultry, and vegetables uncovered in the oven. The high heat creates a caramelized crust on the outside of the food while the interior remains tender and juicy. Roasting is often used for larger cuts of meat like a whole chicken or roast beef, as well as for vegetables like root vegetables or mushrooms.
In summary, baking is a general term for cooking food in an oven, while roasting specifically refers to cooking meat or vegetables uncovered in the oven.